Area- and individual-level socioeconomic differences in health and health-risk behaviours
(2014) Martina Behanova
Promotor: S. A. Reijneveld
Copromotor: J.P. van Dijk, I. Nagyova, Z. Katreniakova
More than half ofthe world’s population lives in cities, making the topic of urban health highly relevant for global health. Cities are usually the places where health inequalities are most apparent. Health and quality of life within urban areas frequently seem to be distributed unevenly across the populations concerned. Even though European cities share common features, they largely differ regarding culture, wealth, the health of their citizens and many other issues. This is visible in particular when contrasting Western European (WE) and Central European (CE) cities. So far, evidence on the social determinants of health in urban neighbourhoods from CE cities as well as on a comparison of CE and WE cities is scarce. The first directly comparable data on urban health indicators between different urban areas was obtained by the EURO-URHIS 2 project (EU FP7 No.223711). Slovakia (a CE country) and The Netherlands (a WE country) participated in this project, thus offering a unique possibility to explore how urban context shapes the life of citizens. This study builds further on that issue.